By TIM FAULKNER/ecoRI News staff
PROVIDENCE — It may get a lot easier to donate excess food, as a bill that allows institutions to give away food cleared its House committee with the backing of many key stakeholders.
After resisting similar bills in previous years, the Rhode Island Department of Health (DOH), the Rhode Island Food Dealers Association, and the Rhode Island Hospitality Association all support the legislation to reduce food waste and curb hunger.
“We want to make sure food goes to its highest and best use and that is feeding people,” said Eva Agudelo, founder of Hope’s Harvest RI, a “gleaner” service of volunteers who deliver excess agricultural products from farms to hunger-relief organizations.
The bill (H5322) is the result of the 2018 Task Force on Food Donation and Food Waste. The House commission found that a fear of lawsuits prevented restaurants, schools, and makers from donating excess food.
The Rhode Island Food Donation Act eases that worry by stating that individuals, schools, grocers, restaurants, hotels, caterers, farmers, hospitals, and food-makers can donate to gleaners, food pantries, and the public with immunity from criminal and civil liability.
The food can also be donated after its sell-by date or expiration date as long as it is fit for human consumption.
“Sell-by dates have nothing to do with food safety. They only deal with the quality of the food,” Sarah Bratko of the Rhode Island Hospitality Association testified at a Feb. 27 House hearing.
The bill also allows DOH inspectors to educate food establishments about the liability protection and to promote food donation during regular inspections.
According to DOH, about 13 percent of Rhode Islanders or some 56,000 households suffer from food insecurity.
“At a time when there are significant numbers of Rhode Island families that do not have a sufficient diet and are in need of food this should at least help in provide more offerings for them,” Steven Arthurs, president and CEO of the Rhode Island Food Dealers Association, wrote in submitted testimony.
The legislation is also part of a larger effort to reduce the 100,000 tons of food scrap that is buried annually in the Central Landfill in Johnston. Food scrap makes up the largest source of waste in landfills, according to the National Resources Defense Council.
Nationally, school districts are experimenting with programs to send leftovers home with students or deliver them to families in need. The bill would likely allow such a program, along with so-called “share tables” that allow students to swap or donate uneaten food.
The bill was unanimously approved April 10 by the House Committee on Health, Education & Welfare. It awaits a date for a vote in the full House of Representatives.
The Senate version of the bill (S027) was introduced Jan. 17 but has yet to have a hearing in front of the Senate Judiciary Committee.